Possible Side Effects of Most COVID-19 Vaccines And How To Minimize It

Covid-19 vaccination for medical personnel

As the roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine continues, more and more individuals have already encountered side effects from the vaccines. Just like in any other vaccines, COVID-19 vaccine recipients can also experience mild to moderate side effects after their immunization.

There are many possible side effects the COVID-19 vaccine has. Commonly it is just mild to moderate which is why there is no need for you to be worried about it. To help you prepare for your vaccination we will go through each of the possible side effects of the COVID-19 shot with some tips on how to minimize it.

Common Side Effects Reported

Although there are many reports about side effects experienced by people who already got their COVID-19 shot, the most common among these are:

  • Pain, swelling, and redness on the injection site
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes
Woman covering her face with mask

Side effects appear differently from one person to the other. Others experienced it as soon as they got the shot, but for some, it only appears after a week or even only after they get the second dose of the vaccine.

Every individual has a different experience when it comes to the COVID-19 vaccine. Some might be unfortunate and experience all the mentioned side effects but some are lucky enough to only experience the pain and swelling on the injection site and nothing more.

However, you must also look out for allergic reactions as it has been also linked with COVID-19 vaccines. Although it is just a small percentage it is best not to be complacent and always be ready for any possible reactions you may have after taking the shot.

Tips To Reduce The Side Effects

There is no need to panic if you start to experience the common side effects of the vaccine. What you need to do is follow these given tips to help reduce its effect.

Cold Compress

A cold compress can significantly reduce the pain and swelling in the injection site. It can provide great relief if you apply a cool damp cloth or an ice pack directly into your injection site as soon as you feel pain.

Stay Hydrated

Lighted yellow stay hydrated signal

Make sure to drink as much fluid as you can for one to two days after the vaccination. Staying hydrated can help minimize the side effects that you are feeling.

Drink Analgesic

Analgesic is best if you experience fever after the vaccination. It is also best for the pain. If you are not comfortable taking analgesics, you can also take paracetamol with the same effect as the analgesic.


If you are experiencing a mild allergic reaction because of the vaccine, you can take an antihistamine if you feel itchy, especially around the injection site. If you have allergies, you may want to take an antihistamine before the vaccination.


It is also recommended to rest as much as you can after you get vaccinated. Sleep early and eat well to help your body prepare for whatever side effects you will be experiencing. Make sure that you exercise your vaccinated arm frequently.

If you are still not relieved after trying the tips mentioned above, you can contact your primary health care provider so that they can assist you and tell you what you can do.

The Bottom Line

It is normal to experience side effects after getting vaccinated. What you will need to do is to monitor yourself and seek medical help if you feel that your side effects are getting worse and the home remedies you are doing aren’t helping reduce the side effects.

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